Schizophrenia is a type of mental illness characterized by episodes of psychosis that tend to relapse in nature. Major symptoms of schizophrenia include delusions and hallucinations (or hearing voices) , in addition to lack of motivation, emotion, and social withdrawal, and disordered thoughts. Although doctor-prescribed medications and therapies play a big role in managing schizophrenia, diet may also play an important role in the treatment of this health condition.
This article explains the best foods to eat for schizophrenia:
1. The importance of fiber
Fiber is good for digestion and must be a part of the diet of anyone who wishes to be healthy. It is definitely one of the foods to eat for people with schizophrenia. Fruits and vegetables that are rich in fiber should be a part of the diet. Apart from its benefits for the digestive system, it also helps in managing cholesterol. Schizophrenia patients commonly have problems like heart disease, obesity, and high levels of blood sugar. Consuming a fiber-rich diet can help address these problems and keep the patient healthy. Fiber is found in abundance in brown bread, brown rice, and pasta. Cereals like muesli have good fiber content and can be consumed.
2. Gluten-free food
Gluten is a substance that is found in most wheat products. Studies have shown that gluten is linked to schizophrenia, as gluteomorphins can affect the brain and lead to behavioral changes. It is advisable for those having schizophrenia to strictly avoid food that has gluten in it. This includes foods like wheat, rye, barley, and farina. Since gluten is found in bread, schizophrenia patients can look for gluten-free bread and gluten-free brand products that will ensure they do not face any problems.
3. Antioxidant foods
Beans, plums, pecans, leeks, grapes, berries, carrots, spinach, and pumpkins are foods that are rich in antioxidants. These foods must be consumed by those who have schizophrenia. The reason is that people with schizophrenia have problems related to oxidation in the brain. Consuming antioxidants can help in addressing this problem. It also helps to fight free radicals and can help in preventing diseases like cancer.
4. Omega-3 food
Omega-3 fatty acids are good for those having schizophrenia. Studies have shown that those having this disorder have less amount of fatty acids in the brain. Consuming foods rich in omega-3 can be good for the brain and can help alleviate the symptoms of schizophrenia. Fish like salmon, trout, sardines, and mackerel can be a part of the diet. Omega-3 is also found in flax seeds, pumpkin seeds, and nuts. Using olive oil for cooking is recommended as it has omega-3.
5. Fruits and vegetables
Fruits and vegetables must be a part of the diet of patients with schizophrenia. Five portions of fruits and vegetables every day are recommended by experts. Sweet potatoes, lima beans, apples, pears, and berries are strongly recommended.
Studies have shown that seafood is beneficial to those suffering from schizophrenia. Lobster, crab, and oysters have a good quantity of zinc that is beneficial for the brain. Clams have niacin, which is a vitamin needed for brain health.
The best foods to eat for schizophrenia presented in this article can be a part of the diet of those suffering from this health disorder. These foods help to improve the overall health and mental condition. Regular consumption of these foods can be healthy in the long run.